About Grammaticalization in Korean: The Evolution of the Existential Verb: Cross-linguistically, verbs denoting existence have been one of the most fertile sources for the development of grammatical markers (eg, English ‘be’).
In the history of the Korean language as well, the verb is(i)- (the old form of iss-) has participated in the emergence of eleven different grammatical markers, including past tense/anterior -ess-, progressive -ko iss-, resultative -e iss-, connectives -ese ‘and,’ ‘since,’ -kose ‘and,’ and -myense ‘while,’ subject marker -kkeyse and four locative particles (‘at,’ ‘from’).
This book analyzes diachronic and synchronic corpus data of Korean, and investigates the multiple developmental pathways of the Korean existential verb is(i)- with cross-linguistic perspectives.
About the Author Minju Kim is an Associate Professor in the Department of Modern Languages at Claremont McKenna College. Her research interests include historical linguistics, language and gender, language teaching, and discourse analysis. Her research makes use of both diachronic and synchronic corpus data. Her recent publications include Studies in Language, Journal of Pragmatics, Korean Studies, and Korean Linguistics. She received her PhD from the University of California, Los Angeles.
Table of Contents
- Series Editors’ Note 8
- Acknowledgements 9
- Abbreviations 11
- 1 Introduction 13
- 2 Grammaticalization Theory and Explanation of the Source Forms 30
- 3 Grammaticalization of is(i)- in Particles: The Role of Analogy in Grammaticalization 41
- 4 Grammaticalization of the Connective -ese: The Iconicity Principle in the Combination of Clauses and Serialized Verbs 70
- 5 Grammaticalization of the Connective myense: Simultaneity and Concessivity 97
- 6 Grammaticalization of the Connective -kose: A Comparison of -ko, -kose and -konase 117
- 7 The Intersection of the Perfective and Imperfective Domains: The Grammaticalization of the Aspectual Markers –ess, -e iss- and -ko iss- 139
- 8 Grammaticalization of the Verb “take” in Korean: Functional Overlaps among -e, -ese, and -e kaciko 173
- 9 Grammaticalization from Quotation to the Quotative: Similarities among the Three Connectives -e, -ko, and -mye 194
- 10 Conclusion 226
- Appendix 1: List of Diachronic Korean Data 238
- Appendix 2: Abbrevidations for Frequently Used Middle Korean Texts 243
- Bibliography 244
- Index 263